The pomegranate is the fruit of the pomegranate tree which means: Punica granatum and which is of the Lythraceae family. It comes from a geographical area that stretches from Western Asia to Central Asia.
The pomegranate comes mainly from warm regions. Cultivated very early, together with olives and dates, it appeared in the Bronze Age all around the Mediterranean. The Romans believed that it originated in North Africa and called it the "Punic apple" (malum punicum). In fact, the pomegranate was imported by the Phoenicians at the foundation of Carthage (814 BC). The pomegranate was a symbol of Tanit, the tutelary goddess of Carthage. This generous fruit, red in colour and with numerous seeds, themselves ruby-coloured, is linked to blood, life and fertility.
The pomegranate, this nut that protects many small red seeds, this fruit capable of self-regenerating has gradually become a mythical fruit.
Pomegranate is a fruit with many seeds (citron, squash, orange), it is a symbol of fertility, of large families... In ancient Greece, it is the attribute of Hera and Aphrodite. The seed of the pomegranate would have a meaning related to the fault of Persephone seduced by this fruit.
In Rome, the pomegranate placed in Juno's hand symbolized marriage. The whole tree with its fragrant red flowers was like an embodiment of love, marriage and their direct consequence: fertility. Wreaths were woven from them and worn by the brides on their wedding day.
Pomegranate was used very early on as a decorative and ornamental motif. In goldsmith's and silversmith's art, it often appears in the form of spherical feet for pots or trophies. During the Art Nouveau period, it was also used for façade ornaments.
In the spiritual realm, the pomegranate is a symbol of divine perfection. From the Renaissance onwards, in the artistic field, the pomegranate is associated with the Virgin and the infant Jesus. Thus, there are many so-called "pomegranate Virgins". The pomegranate, date and olive tree are the most quoted fruits in the Bible.
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